We are coming up with a lot more Whatsapp tricks compilation in future. I am going to discuss about Latest and Best Whatsapp Methods and Hacks 2016. WhatsApp Messenger is a platform cellular messaging application which enables you to send plus receive messages, photos, video clips etc. Below are 9 amazing tricks and tips on Whatsapp in 2016. Some of them are very important for our daily use especially now that we are so heavily dependent and addicted to Whatsapp for our communication.
1. Create Fake WhatsApp Conversation
Do you want to prank with you friends on whatapp ? yes ? then how ?? Here i’m going to tell you how tocreate fake whatsapp conversation.Yes, you can create fake whatsapp conversation with below easy methods.There are many ways available on internet but many of them does not works or generates old versions conversation. So, are some best apps to create fake whatsapp conversation :
Step 3 : Once install, open it from the app drawer, and follow the on screen instructions, and create Fake Conversation.
Step 4 : Now show just send created fake whatsapp conversations to your friends and make pranks on them.
2. Run Multiple WhatsApp On Android
There are occasions or times when one needs to have multiple accounts on the same phone such as when you have a dual SIM phone or when you tend to be only one who own a smart phone in your circle of friends or in the family as well. There are many methos to run mutiple whatsapp accounts on your device. But all these require Root access.
First of all Download the OGWhatsApp from here.
Create a backup of your WhatApp messenger.
Clear WhatsApp data from the Settings/Uninstall your WhatsApp messenger.
Then Rename your WhatsApp folder in your SD card to OGWhatsApp.
In OGWhatsApp verify your old number and whereas in official version verify you new number.You have done successfully.
3. Backup Whatsapp Messages :-
Many users generally accidentally format their device or clear app data or losses data due to memory card crashes. So, it becomes difficult for them to get back their important messages. Generally whatsapp automatically creates the backup of user’s messages but at particular time. But I;m going to guide you “how to manually creates backup and restore/recover whatsapp messages :
Step 1 : First of all open your whatsapp by tapping on whatsapp icon.
Step 2 : Now tap on Options and then on Settings.
Step 3 : After this tap on Chat settings then the next step is to tap on Backup conversation. This will creates the backup of whatsapp messages which you can later recover/restore whatsapp messages.
You can also Save Backup of your whatsapp messages on your computer. For this you need to follow the following steps :-
Step 4 : Now just connect your mobile to PC.
Step 5 : After connecting your phone on your PC you will see all your folder on your android phone.
Step 6 : Search and find, WhatsApp folder and copy it to any location on your PC.
Step 7 : That’s it !! You have successfully created the backup of your WhatsApp messages for the future recover whatsapp messages.
4. Restore/Recover Whatsapp Messages :-
Step 1 : In order to restore/recover whatsapp messages first of all connect your phone to PC.
Step 2 : Now copy your Whatsapp Backup folder to your phones memory from recently created backup of whatsapp messages in your PC.
Step 3 : Now just download and install whatsapp.
Step 4 : Proceed with necessary on screen instruction to get started with whatsapp.
Step 5 : Whatsapp will automatically check for available backups in your device.
Step 6 : If whatsapp found any backup located on your device, you will be asked whether you want to restore backup.
Step 7 : Tap on Yes congrats you have successfully restore whatsapp messages.
5. Send Multiple Messages.
Using the function List Broadcast you can send a message to multiple people without multiple activate a group chat, Chat-> Lists broadcast-> New List-> Select the names-select creation> Compose your message. In this way, you can send a chat with multiple partners, without letting the other members of the list know. Even the responses of others will not be viewed by those in the list, but only by those who sent the message. Only those having the sender’s number in the phone book will be able to receive messages.
6. Change Your Friend’s Profile Picture.
You can change your friend’s profile pic into your WhatsApp on your mobile only but not globally .
First of all choose a funny profile picture for your friend.
Now resize the image to 561×561 pixels and name it with your friend’s mobile phone number.
Now save the image in SD card -> WhatsApp -> Profile Pictures.
Overwrite an existing image if required.
Disable WiFi and data network. If you don’t WhatsApp will automatically update the picture.
Now show it to your friend who’ll surely shocked to see his changed image.
7. Prevent the automatic downloading of images or video
Go to Settings -> Chat Settings -> save media received. You can then enable or disable the automatic saving of files received
8. Share Your Chat.
It is also possible to send the chat of a specific contact via email including the attachments or not. Again go to the user name at the top right of the chat, and choose the bottom option: “Send email conversation”. Choose if you want to include or not the attachments and insert the email to which you want to send it.
9. Change Your Whatsapp Number
If you have changed your phone number, but still have the same smartphone, you do not need to uninstall and reinstall WhatsApp. There is a setting which allows you to migrate the account to a different phone number. In Whatsapp, go to Settings -> Accounts -> Change number. and follow the steps on the screen.by changing your number you will get whatsapp free for 1 year.
Gentellela Admin is a free to use Bootstrap admin template. This template uses the default Bootstrap 3 styles along with a variety of powerful jQuery plugins and tools to create a powerful framework for creating admin panels or back-end dashboards.
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The manager’s day is divided into 30-minute slots. “They change what they’re doing every half hour. Sorta like Tetris – shifting blocks around and filling spaces,” he writes.
The maker’s day, on the other hand, is different. The most effective way for makers to use their time is in half- or full-day blocks.
“They need to make, to create, to build. But, before that, they need to think,” he explains.
“Even a single 30-minute meeting in the middle of ‘Make Time’ can be disruptive.”
How can we reserve ‘Make Time’?
Meetings swallow up valuable time that could be better spent on thinking and creating, says Dillon.
“Many of our meetings could be shorter or include fewer people, and some don’t need to happen at all. Take back those hours for your Make Time instead.”
But don’t put it off until the end of the day on Friday – the time you choose really matters.
“Commit to protecting Make Time on your calendar, including the time and place where you’ll be making, and ideally detail on what you’ll be making. That way, you know, it’ll actually happen,” he suggests.
So what does a well-organized week look like?
Because our energy levels go up and down during the week, it makes sense to plan accordingly, says Dillon.
“Always bias your Make Time toward the morning, before you hit a cycle of afternoon decision fatigue. Hold the late afternoon for more mechanical tasks,” he says.
Here’s how Dillon suggests scheduling your week:
Monday: Energy ramps out of the weekend – schedule low-demand tasks like setting goals, organizing, and planning.
Tuesday, Wednesday: Peak of energy – tackle the most difficult problems, write, brainstorm, schedule your Make Time.
Thursday: Energy begins to ebb – schedule meetings, especially when consensus is needed.
Friday: Lowest energy level – do open-ended work, long-term planning, and relationship building.
The year 2015 was an important one in the world of big data. What used to be hype became the norm as more businesses realized that data, in all forms and sizes, is critical to making the best possible decisions. In 2016, we’ll see continued growth of systems that support non-relational or unstructured forms of data as well as massive volumes of data. These systems will evolve and mature to operate well inside of enterprise IT systems and standards. This will enable both business users and data scientists to fully realize the value of big data. Each year at Tableau, we start a conversation about what’s happening in the industry. The discussion drives our list of the top big-data trends for the following year. These are our predictions for 2016.
The NoSQL Takeover
We noted the increasing adoption of NoSQL technologies, which are commonly associated with unstructured data, in last year’s version of Trends in Big Data. Going forward, the shift to NoSQL databases becoming a leading piece of the Enterprise IT Landscape becomes clear as the benefits of schema-less database concepts become more pronounced. Nothing shows the picture more starkly than looking at Gartner’s Magic Quadrant for Operational Database Management Systems which in the past was dominated by Oracle, IBM, Microsoft and SAP. In contrast, in the most recent Magic Quadrant, we see the NoSQL companies, including MongoDB, DataStax, Redis Labs, MarkLogic and Amazon Web Services (with DynamoDB), outnumbering the traditional database vendors in Gartner’s Leaders quadrant of the report.
Apache Spark lights up Big Data
Apache Spark has moved from a being a component of the Hadoop ecosystem to the Big Data platform of choice for a number of enterprises. Spark provides dramatically increased data processing speed compared to Hadoop and is now the largest big data open source project, according to Spark originator and Databricks co-founder, Matei Zaharia. We see more and more compelling enterprise use cases around Spark, such as at Goldman Sachs where Spark has become the “lingua franca” of big data analytics.
Hadoop projects mature
In a recent survey of 2,200 Hadoop customers, only 3% of respondents anticipate they will be doing less with Hadoop in the next 12 months. 76% of those who already use Hadoop plan on doing more within the next 3 months and finally, almost half of the companies that haven’t deployed Hadoop say they will within the next 12 months. The same survey also found Tableau to be the leading BI tool for companies using or planning to use Hadoop, as well as those furthest along in Hadoop maturity
Big Data grows up
As further evidence to the growing trend of Hadoop becoming a core part of the enterprise IT landscape, we’ll see investment grow in the components surrounding enterprise systems such as security. Apache Sentry project provides a system for enforcing fine-grained, role based authorization to data and metadata stored on a Hadoop cluster. These are the types of capabilities that customers expect from their enterprise-grade RDBMS platforms and are now coming to the forefront of the emerging big data technologies, thus eliminating one more barrier to enterprise adoption.
Big Data gets fast
With Hadoop gaining more traction in the enterprise, we see a growing demand from end users for the same fast data exploration capabilities they’ve come to expect from traditional data warehouses. To meet that end user demand, we see growing adoption of technologies such as Cloudera Impala, AtScale, Actian Vector and Jethro Data that enable the business user’s old friend, the OLAP cube, for Hadoop – further blurring the lines behind the “traditional” BI concepts and the world of “Big Data”.
The number of options for preparing end users to discover all forms of data grows.
Self-service data preparation tools are exploding in popularity. This is in part due to the shift toward businessuser-generated data discovery tools such as Tableau that reduce time to analyze data. Business users also want to be able to reduce the time and complexity of preparing data for analysis, something that is especially important in the world of big data when dealing with a variety of data types and formats. We’ve seen a host of innovation in this space from companies focused on end user data preparation for Big Data such as Alteryx, Trifacta, Paxata and Lavastorm while even seeing long established ETL leaders such as Informatica with their Rev product make heavy investments here.
MPP Data Warehouse growth is heating up in the cloud
The “death” of the data warehouse has been overhyped for some time now, but it’s no secret that growth in this segment of the market has been slowing. But we now see a major shift in the application of this technology to the cloud where Amazon led the way with an on-demand cloud data warehouse in Redshift. Redshift was AWS’s fastest growing service but it now has competition from Google with BigQuery, offerings from long time data warehouse power players such as Microsoft (with Azure SQL Data Warehouse) and Teradata along with new start-ups such as Snowflake, winner of Strata + Hadoop World 2015 Startup Showcase, also gaining adoption in this space. Analysts cite 90% of companies who have adopted Hadoop will also keep their data warehouses and with these new cloud offerings, those customers can dynamically scale up or down the amount of storage and compute resources in the data warehouse relative to the larger amounts of information stored in their Hadoop data lake.
IoT, Cloud and Big Data come together
The technology is still in its early days, but the data from devices in the Internet of Things will become one of the “killer apps” for the cloud and a driver of petabyte scale data explosion. For this reason, we see leading cloud and data companies such as Google, Amazon Web Services and Microsoft bringing Internet of Things services to life where the data can move seamlessly to their cloud based analytics engines.
Career website Glassdoor today released its 2016 report on the “ Highest Paying Jobs In Demand”. In the list of the top 25 U.S. jobs, 11 were in tech. More than any other industry. Health care and finance were next in line, with three jobs each.
Glassdoor’s list is ordered by average base salary. For a job title to be considered, it had to receive at least 75 salary reports shared by US-based employees over the past year.
Highest Paying Jobs in Tech Industry
Here are the U.S. tech jobs.
Software Development Manager
Applications Development Manager
Information Systems Manager
The first four tech jobs placed in the top 10 of the full list. Software development manager was No. 1 in tech, and it placed fourth overall. Software architect was second in tech but seventh overall. IT manager was third in tech but ninth overall. Product manager was found to be the highest in demand.
Glassdoor’s report is based on what employees anonymously say about their employer. Job openings per job title were counted by adding up the total number posted on Glassdoor over the past three months.
Complete List of Highest Paying Jobs
Here is the full list of 25 highest paying jobs in the U.S.
Physician – 2,064 job openings – $180,000 average base salary
Lawyer – 995 job openings, $144,500 average base salary
Research & Development Manager – 112 job openings, $142,120 average base salary
Software Development Manager – 3,495 job openings, $132,000 average base salary
Pharmacy Manager: 1,766 job openings, $130,000 average base salary
Strategy Manager: 701 job openings, $130,000 average base salary
Software Architect: 655 job openings, $128,250 average base salary
Integrated Circuit Designer Engineer: 165 job openings, $127,500 average base salary
IT Manager: 3,152 job openings, $120,000 average base salary
Solutions Architect: 2,838 job openings, $120,000 average base salary
Engagement Manager: 1,452 job openings, $120,000 average base salary
Applications Development Manager: 263 job openings, $120,000 average base salary
Pharmacist: 4,502 job openings, $118,000 average base salary
Systems Architect: 439 job openings, $116,920 average base salary
Finance Manager: 2,582 job openings, $115,000 average base salary
Data Scientist: 1,985 job openings, $115,000 average base salary
Risk Manager: 1,137 job openings, $115,000 average base salary
Creative Director: 696 job openings, $115,000 average base salary
Actuary: 175 job openings, $115,000 average base salary
Data Architect: 762 job openings, $113,000 average base salary
Tax Manager: 1,495 job openings, $110,000 average base salary
Product Manager: 7,758 job openings, $107,000 average base salary
Design Manager: 510 job openings, $106,500 average base salary
Analytics Manager: 988 job openings, $106,000 average base salary
Information Systems Manager: 147 job openings, $106,000 average base salary
When Facebook bought WhatsApp after signing a multi-billion deal, many people compared it with Facebook’s own IM service Messenger. But, Facebook has constantly worked to draw a differentiating line between the two. Last year at its F8 conference, Facebook announced that it’ll be developing Messenger as a platform while WhatsApp will be a simple app that’ll continue to focus on make texting and calling a better experience.
In 2015, Facebook made significant changes in Messenger that included video calling, ability to customize conversations with emojis and stickers, updated location sharing, money sharing and a lot more. In his Facebook post, Zuckerberg tells his own story — “It’s an important part of how I run Facebook and keep in touch with my friends and family. I use Messenger to quickly get information from engineers to make decisions. I also message a lot with Priscilla every day and probably use way too many stickers.”
Messenger is one of the top priorities of Facebook in 2016. The company swears to work hard to bring to you more and more ways to communicate with your friends and family. Facebook has already started testing M, its own digital virtual assistant. In his latest blog post, company’s VP of Messaging Products, David Marcus has urged you to do everything the Facebook’s way — as if pushing Free Basics down people’s throat wasn’t enough.
First let’s set some context. Think about it: SMS and texting came to the fore in the time of flip phones. Now, many of us can do so much more on our phones; we went from just making phone calls and sending basic text-only messages to having computers in our pockets.David Marcus, VP of Facebook Messaging Products
Thanks to the endless number of messaging apps, we have arrived at a point where we don’t remember phone numbers and contact details of other people. With its Messenger app, Facebook is working to eradicated your phone numbers altogether.
Last year, Facebook decided that it will now give its users an option to use sign up for the Messenger without needing a Facebook account. With Messenger, now you can make calls to a person without needing to know someone’s phone number.
“With Messenger, we offer all the things that made texting so popular, but also so much more. Yes, you can send text messages, but you can also send stickers, photos, videos, voice clips, GIFs, your location, and money to people,” Facebook writes in its blog post.
While using WhatsApp to make money isn’t Facebook’s top priority at the moment, Facebook is working hard on Messenger to open a new revenue stream for a long time growth.
Slowly and gradually Facebook is looking to take over your entire phone — wait for it — it’s just a matter of time.
As a business owner, I always want to introduce my product or services to a maximum number of people and engage more customers. Engaging huge amount of customers has never been an easy task, but once someone truly gets it, the business is sure to get a boost.
Your Business Needs an App to Represent It
In this era of modern technologies and smart devices, businesses should consider utilizing the huge amount of resources and opportunities that digitalization of their services can bring to them. Consider an application representing a business that’s available to millions of people. It has the potential to better introduce the products or offerings and is able to serve the potential clients and make a first good impression of the business.
In a country like Pakistan where almost every computer user is running Windows operating system from or at least have access to some Windows device, there is a huge potential for the Windows 10 Store to make your business grow with its immense reach.
The graph below shows the dominance of Windows OS in the desktop arena:
The Numbers Tell a Story of Their Own
This graph shows that a whopping 90% plus of the desktop OS market share is owned by Windows in the global market. Obviously this also reflects the pattern in Pakistan as well, as people here are more likely to use Microsoft, given the low cost of their respective hardware devices.
But what about the vigorously increasing number of smaller devices (smartphones and tabs) that are now able to perform most of your desktop tasks? Let us first have a look at the overall OS Market share in Pakistan in 2014 below:
The main point of consideration here is that all the other versions of Windows are soon going to be updated to Windows 10 which has already acquired a big market share with more than 110 Million devices running it. The OS aims to target 1 Billion devices by the end of 2019 according to the CEO of Microsoft Satya Nadella, and this looks quite feasible too with Windows 10 being hugely appreciated globally.
Windows App Store is Integrated throughout Windows 10
Windows 10 is designed such that it pulls in more users to the app store through several intelligent techniques. For example, Cortana provides app recommendations based on the customer’s personal interests. In addition, the Start menu, Microsoft Edge and the Notification Center will also suggest apps that customers might enjoy.
Having an application for Windows 10 store is not a difficult task, turning your existing business website to a universal Windows store app is a piece of cake with the Hosted Web Apps facility. Universal Windows Platform provides developers with the opportunity to develop for all the devices without having to code differently for all devices.
Pakistan is a big market for your business to grow using the Windows 10 store apps, many have already realized this fact and have started to cover this market to engage massive amount of clients. Whether you have an E-Commerce business, a local manufacturer, or a developer, you can make an app for the Windows 10 store. Spend time to introduce your app to some audience either through social media pages or paid adds on Facebook as it is used widely across the country, and see the results. If you’re a startup, then Microsoft’s BizSpark program can help you achieve your potential. Don’t just hold back, take this opportunity and develop your own application.
E-mail is old and complex. It’s the oldest still-recognizable component of the Internet, with its modern incarnation having coalesced out of several different decades-old messaging technologies including ARPANET node-to-node messaging in the early 1970s. And though it remains a cornerstone of the Internet—the original killer app, really—it’s also extraordinarily hard to do right.
We most often interact with e-mail servers through friendly Web-based front-ends or applications, but a tremendous amount of work goes into hiding the complexity that allows the whole system to work. E-mail functions in a poisoned and hostile environment, flooded by viruses and spam. The seemingly simple exchange of text-based messages operates under complex rules with complex tools, all necessary to keep the poison out and the system functioning and useful in spite of the abuse it’s constantly under.
From a normal person’s perspective, e-mail seems like a solved problem: sign up for Internet access and your ISP gives you an e-mail address. Google, Apple, Yahoo, or any number of other free e-mail providers will hook you up with e-mail accounts with gigabytes of space and plenty of cool value-added features. Why do battle with arcane dragons to roll your own e-mail solution?
I’ll tell you why: because if it’s in the cloud, it’s not yours.
Because you must rely on others for your security. You have no control over who can read your correspondence—you must allow your data to be mined and your marketing profile extracted. You won’t be told if your metadata is collected or if your inbox is vacuumed up by a secret government request. You consent to be not a customer but a product, and a product has no rights.
Well, to hell with that. It’s your e-mail. And we’re going to take it back.
This is hard and even a bit scary…
E-mail is hard. If you want an easier sysadmin project, go set up a Web server. E-mail is a lot more complex, with many more moving parts. On the other hand, your correspondence with others is one of the most personal aspects of your online life—in a medium ultimately made of text, your words are you. It’s worth learning how to claw your online life back from those who would data mine and monetize it.
There are pitfalls and caveats—the biggest of which is that if you run your own e-mail server, you will be the sysadmin. The upside of this is that no bored or tired customer service rep about to go off-shift is going to fall for a social engineering attack and reset your e-mail password. The downside is that you are responsible for the care and feeding of your system. This is not an impossible task—it’s not even really difficult—but it is non-trivial and never-ending. Applying critical updates is your responsibility. When do critical updates come out? That’s your responsibility to keep track of, too.
Worst of all, if you screw up and your server is compromised or used as spam relay, your domain will almost certainly wind up on blacklists. Your ability to send and receive e-mail will be diminished or perhaps even eliminated altogether. And totally scrubbing yourself from the multitude of e-mail blacklists is about as difficult as trying to get off of the TSA’s No Fly list.
You have been warned.
…but it’s also worth doing
OK, that ought to be enough to scare away the people who aren’t serious. For those of you still with me: this is going to be a hell of a lot of fun, and you’re going to learn a lot.
This is going to be multi-part series, and here in this first part we’re going to ask (and answer) a bunch of questions about how we’re going to set our e-mail server up. We’ll also outline the applications we’re going to use and talk about what they do. We expect this series will run over the course of the next few weeks; unlike our series on setting up a Web server, though, you won’t be able to get started firing off e-mails after part 1—you need the whole thing in order for it all to work right.
This certainly isn’t the only DIY e-mail tutorial on the Web. If you’re eager to skip ahead and get started now, we suggest consulting Christoph Hass’ excellent tutorial on Workaround.org—he makes many (but nowhere near all) of the same configuration choices that we will be making. However, Ars wouldn’t be putting this guide together if we didn’t have a few tricks up our sleeves—we’ve been in an e-mail configuration cave for the past month, and we have a lot of good information to share.
Prerequisites and assumptions—the where and the how
So you want your own e-mail server. Excellent! The first decision, before we even get into things like operating systems and applications, is where you’re going to put it. If you’re on a residential ISP connection, you will face a number of challenges in running an e-mail server out of your closet. In addition to almost certainly finding the standard set of e-mail TCP ports blocked, your IP address is also almost certainly already on one or more blacklists in order to cut down on the amount of spam being spewed out by virus-infected home computers. Whether or not you’re actually spewing any spam is irrelevant—that ship has long since sailed, and residential IP addresses are almost universally considered poisoned. There are numerous tools you can use to see if your address is on a blacklist—make sure to check before you start.
If you just want to mostly follow along at home with a non-functional test domain for learning, then a virtual machine or spare closet server will do just fine; if you want to do it for real, you’ll either need to be on a business-class connection with unblocked ports and a non-blacklisted IP address, or you’ll need a hosting service. You don’t need a monster dedicated server or anything, but you do need at least a VPS you can install software on from the command line. There are many options; I always recommend A Small Orange or Lithium Hosting, but if you’re willing to sacrifice some performance, you can almost certainly host a small e-mail server on a free Amazon EC2 instance.
You’re also going to need a domain (again, unless you’re going to just play along and use a nonexistent test domain), and that means you’re going to need a registrar and an external DNS provider. My personal recommendations for registrars are Namecheap and Gandi.net; both took hard anti-SOPA stances (see theselinks) and both offer two-factor authentication options. I have used both registrars, and they are both excellent.
One of the lessons reinforced by the recent @N Twitter account theft is that you should segregate your online services where it makes sense to do so. A significant component of the @N compromise came from the attacker gaining access to Naoki Hiroshima’s GoDaddy account, with GoDaddy functioning not only as his registrar but also as the authoritative DNS source for Hiroshima’s domains. Once in, the attacker was able to change at least one of those domains’ MX records and thereby hijack delivery of that domain’s e-mail.
We’re going to attempt to mitigate that specific risk by using a separate DNS provider—specifically, we’re going to use Amazon’s Route 53 DNS service. That will limit the amount of immediate damage an attacker can do in the unlikely event of a compromise at your registrar.
“Ah,” you say, “but if I use Amazon EC2 for my e-mail server and Amazon Route 53 for DNS, then I’m not segregating at all!” This is true, but Amazon gives you rich access control between different services; it’s not difficult to ensure that one set of login credentials can only modify your EC2 server and a different set of credentials can only modify your Route 53 DNS settings.
There are also many other DNS providers if you want to physically distribute your eggs rather than rely on access control—and being paranoid about security is never unwise. For this guide, though, we’ll be walking through the specific steps that I took when taking my own existing Google Apps-hosted domain and e-mail private—that means a physical server and Route 53 DNS (which ends up costing me about $2 a month).
The who and the what
It’s best to have a plan for your e-mail when diving into this setup process: are you going to be starting fresh with your own domain and not migrating any older e-mail inboxes into it? Or are you going to take an inbox and folders from somewhere else and sync or copy to your new server? Once we get rolling, we’ll walk through that second scenario—taking an existing e-mail address on a custom domain and migrating it directly to your own server. However, the steps will work just fine for moving from, say, a Gmail address or an ISP-provided address.
Now we finally come to the “what” part: what operating system and what software. Strap in, because first we need to do a quick crash course in e-mail terminology.
MTAs, MDAs, and MUAs
The applications that send, receive, and deliver e-mails are categorized by their role in the process, and those roles are abbreviated by a series of three-letter acronyms. Most people are familiar with their MUA—that’s a Mail User Agent, more commonly called an “e-mail client” or an “e-mail program.” An MUA is a program like Outlook or Thunderbird—it’s the thing you run on your computer that you send and receive e-mail with. E-mail is a standardized tool, and you can generally use whatever MUA makes you happy.
At the apex is the MTA, or Mail Transfer Agent. This is the core application that actually transmits e-mail around between servers—applications like Exim, sendmail, Postfix, and qmail. We’re going to be setting up Postfix as our MTA, which will give us a good balance of flexibility, interoperability, and power.
Sandwiched in the middle between the MUA on your desktop and the MTA on the server is another application category: the MDA, or Mail Delivery Agent. The MDA gets messages from the mail server into the users’ inboxes, most commonly with the POP or IMAP mail protocols. Except under some very limited circumstances, an MTA isn’t going to do you much good without an MDA, so we’re going to be using Dovecot as our MDA.
There are other MxA categories too, but Postfix and Dovecot go together like peas and carrots. Between the two of them, we’ll be set from a mail transmission and delivery perspective.
The operating system: Linux
Our choice of tools dictates our choice of operating systems: we’re going to be running this on Linux—specifically, Ubuntu Server 12.04 LTS, because for our purposes it’s the most universally accessible and configurable (and it’s also available on the Amazon EC2 free tier).
Ubuntu Server gives us quick access to everything we need—not just Postfix and Dovecot, but also all the supporting tools we need to get e-mail running securely.
Oh, yes—we’ll have a number of additional things to get running, because this is not a throwaway fast tutorial. We’re going to do this right, and that means by the time we’re done, we’re going to have set up and configured all of this:
Postfix, to send and receive e-mail
Dovecot, for IMAP
SpamAssassin, to keep spam out of your inbox
ClamAV, to filter out viruses
Sieve, to set up mail filters and rules
Roundcube, for webmail
PostgreSQL (or MySQL/MariaDB), for Roundcube’s database
Nginx and PHP-FPM, to serve out Roundcube over the Web
And that’s just the tip of the iceberg. On top of installing all of this stuff, we’ll be walking through hardening and security steps for each, especially Roundcube (to which we’ll be adding PKCS12-based certificate authentication and two-factor logons with Google Authenticator).
We’ll also be going through all the ancillary steps needed to make certain your e-mails are received correctly—making sure you have SSL/TLS certificates, setting up DKIM and SPF, ensuring your MX and reverse PTR records are correct, and a bunch of other stuff. And we’re even going to find a bit of time in here to make sure you can send and receive e-mails with PGP encryption.
We are, in summary, going to do a whole lot of stuff.
OK, now I’m scared and overwhelmed
Don’t be, because this is Ars Technica, and you’re smart. We’re going to break down each and every step and walk through just about every line in every config file as we go. By the end of this, you’re going to be like (TV’s, not wrestling’s) Steve Austin: better, stronger, faster.
We’re taking a very Unix-like approach to e-mail rather than a monolithic (Microsoft-like) one. Unix-like operating systems are generally made up of a number of discrete tools that are each very good at a very limited number of tasks; this gives you modularity and customizability but often at the expense of complexity. For e-mail, we’re going to bind together the above list of discrete applications into a fully armed and operational battle station.
There are, however, plenty of other ways to skin the e-mail cat. If you really are starting from scratch and just want a working Linux-based mail stack without going through the big setup, there’s iRedMail—it’s a prepackaged bundle of almost all of the same tools we’re going to set up, and you can get it going in minutes.
There’s also that monolithic Microsoft way, and you can (relatively) easily set up Microsoft Exchange Server if you’re more comfortable with the Microsoft ecosystem. There are a number of disadvantages, though, and chief among them is that Exchange isn’t free. If you want to play on that side of the fence, though, you’ll have to find another guide—we’re sticking with Postfix and friends.
The when: Right now! Buy a domain!
We’ll close out part 1 here by nailing down the two biggest prerequisites we need to get started: a domain and a server.
If you’ve never registered a domain before, it can look like a daunting process. However, all you need is a registrar and a credit card (and, of course, a name in mind). Pop over to, say, Gandi.net’s search form and poke around to see what’s available. Dangerrocket.com or vorpalsnake.com or attackweasel.com could each be yours for $15.50!
Find one you love and buy it for a year. Just remember that a domain that sounds hilarious might not make the best impression on a potential employer if you use it for e-mail… although “firstname.lastname@example.org” does actually sound pretty badass.
It is an ICANN requirement that domain registrars publicly list contact information for Internet domains (with different top-level domains having different rules for how and how much information must be displayed). Linux and OS X users can use the whois command line utility (or anyone can use online tools like this one) to display that info for domains. For example, doing a Whois lookup on arstechnica.com shows you who owns it (Condé Nast Digital), as well as who the administrative and technical contacts are.
If you register a domain, the information you provide will be similarly visible—clearly not an ideal situation for a private individual who doesn’t want his or her personal information freely available. Most registrars offer a service variously called “WHOIS protection” or “Privacy Guard” or other similar names, where they substitute in their own information over yours. Some registrars charge an additional fee for the service, and some (like Gandi.net) offer it free.
Whatever registrar you choose, opt for their Whois protection service. It’s one thing for a business to have contact information visible like this; it’s quite another for individual users to be so exposed.
Two-factor that registrar
Whatever extra security measures your registrar of choice offers, you should enable them. Not taking advantage of extra security is like not taking advantage of an employer’s 401(k) matching—if they offer it and you don’t do it, you’re just plain dumb. Namecheap, for example, allows you to disable password resets, and it does two-factor authentication by texting codes to your mobile phone.
Gandi.net, on the other hand, gives you the option to restrict logging in to a certain IP address range. It offers two-factor authentication via a TOTP application like Google Authenticator.
Whatever your registrar has, turn on every bit of it. It will make logging in a little less convenient, but it will also make it that much more difficult for an attacker to wrest away control of your domain.
Stack dat app
If you’re installing Ubuntu Server from scratch, the only server component you need to select during installation is the OpenSSH server (which we’ll eventually switch over to key-based logon before we’re done with this series). Rather than installing Dovecot and Postfix separately, there’s a single package that will pull them both down and do the lion’s share of configuration to make the two applications plug into each other. Run the following command:
$ sudoaptitude installmail-stack-delivery
After a moment, the package will shunt you into a screen asking you to choose a basic configuration for Postfix. Out of the available options, we want “Internet site” because we’re going to (eventually) be sending and receiving our mail directly with Postfix rather than relaying it through another server.
The next configuration dialog asks you to put in your server’s domain name in order for the server to know what domain it’s primarily going to be sending and receiving e-mail for. If you bought a domain, stuff the name in there; if you’re just testing or don’t intend to make this server public, something like “local.loc” or another nonexistent local domain should be used.
After that, just let the installation happen. You’ll wind up with a nearly production-ready installation of Postfix and Dovecot.
Wait, that was easy!
Well, sure—but we’ve only just barely begun. In part 2, we’re going to dig deep into Postfix’s and Dovecot’s guts and wire the two of them together even tighter. We’ll grab an actual for-real SSL/TLS certificate because your mail server will need to be able to properly and securely identify itself to other mail servers. We’ll decide on where and how to store your mailbox account names and passwords, along with the mailboxes themselves. By the time we’re done with part 2, we’ll have darn near a fully functioning mail set-up—but we won’t be ready yet for prime time.
In part 3, we’ll bolt on the required accessories: antispam, antivirus, and server-side filtering. We’ll also get Roundcube up and running so you’ll have webmail. We’ll lock that webmail down tight, too.
Along the way, we’ll also be sprinkling in all the required extra bits to ensure your e-mail will be well-received by other servers: we’re going to set up DKIM (DomainKeys Identified Mail) and the required DNS records to make it work, along with SPF records for another layer of validation.
My goal—assuming nothing else crazy comes up in the meanwhile—is to run one piece per week, so if you’re following along at home, we’ll be done in a month. Even if it looks like it’s going to be daunting, trust me: this is a journey worth taking.
Here is a list of top 6 premium email hosting provider. Some of them are free but some are paid. It will suite all your need to switch from generic email address to custom email hosting.
There was a time of Google Apps who offered free custom domain email hosting solution for sites and blogs. Day by day, the things got weird. Starting from 2000 free users in Google Apps, it gradually decreased to 10 free accounts. But now, Google no longer offer the free version of Google Apps and Microsoft outlook for custom domain has reduced the number of users from 500 to 50. However, there is something good inside MS outlook service. You may ask their team to increase the free quota.
Zoho is known for its CRM service and online document and forms. Zoho is well-recognized in corporate sector. It offers 5 free custom domain email hosting and no credit card needed to sign up. I like the interface but not that much as Gmail and Outlook.
The best thing about Zoho mail is NO ad anywhere. Yes, there will be no ads anywhere in or outside email and dashboard. Perfect solution though. I have not tested the anti-spam capability.
Russian most popular portal also offers email hosting for domains. It’s server is quite reliable in terms of uptime and features of the dashboard. Currently they offers 1000 free email accounts for your domain. The signup process is easy but available only in Russian. However, Chrome’s translations will be good option while this process.
Free 1000 email accounts
10 GB free cloud storage for all your accounts.
Sign up Process is only available in Russian.
3. You Web host
Many of you are unaware that you may host your email at any web host like HostGator, Dreamhost etc. All of them are free and integrated in their dashboard. Just go to you Web Hosting Dashboard and find email or web mail link there. This is completely free and enabled in almost all types of shared hosting and VPS.
This is no longer a free option. You will need to subscribe Office365 which is not a free service.
Yep, all knows the Outlook for domains will be at top. They offers good service and elegant dashboard. Unlike Hotmail and Live.com Outlook’s interface is decent and user-friendly and yes no crappy rich media ads. Microsoft Outlook for domains allow 50 users at sign up which can be increased further.
The best part of the service is the open registration. You can allow users to sign up for email address within your domain and act like an email service provider.
Of course Gmail is the best free mail service. The business upgrade of Gmail will have no ads and 2.5 times more storage than normal Gmail account or Google Apps for free. However the cost is higher than other services but it is worth it. It will cost $5/month/user or if you want a vault then $10/month/user
Best Anti Spam filter
A lot more than just email. (Whole bunch of apps like sites, Calendar, Google Drive)
Yahoo Mail also do not need any introduction. They also offer a custom domain email hosting at $34.95/year for one account (no setup fee) or $9.95/mo. for 10 accounts (and a $25 setup fee). The email storage will be unlimited with up to 20MB attachment size.
Rackspace email hosting solution is another reliable and premium email hosting allow users at $2/month. At this price users will get 25 GB storage per mailbox and can attach up to 50MB attachment. Users may also buy email archiving at $3/mailbox.
Spam filtering could not be as good as Google, Hotmail or Yahoo mail.
It is important that all of the above paid email hosting provide you free POP/IMAP access to retrieve your mail into Outlook Express or Thunderbird or any such software.
In this article, we will look at 1) what to look for when choosing an email provider, 2) free email providers, 3) paid email providers, and 4) most secure email providers.
WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN CHOOSING AN EMAIL PROVIDER
Email is increasingly becoming the primary mode of communication in today’s world. Through both paid and free email providers, we are able to maintain personal and professional communication easily. In addition to this, other online platforms and social media websites now require a personal email address for registration.
With ever increasing choices in email providers available, it can become very difficult to pick the right one that suits every requirement and provides the best service. There are some basic functionalities that any good email service provider should offer. These functionalities should go beyond just sending and receiving messages. These include:
Features: Additional features that a good email provider should offer include calendars, instant messaging options and mobile apps for smartphones and tablets. All features should sync seamlessly between desktop and mobile versions
Storage: An important thing to consider is the amount of storage space an email account offers. Some people prefer to keep detailed archives and have a lot of incoming and outgoing emails. For these people, the need for an email provider that offers extended storage space is extremely necessary.
Attachment Limits: Another key considerations these days for email providers is how large an attachment can be sent in a regular email. With the proliferation of high definition photos and videos, it can be a challenge to send media and documents with embedded media over email.
Filters and Folders for Organization: In order to maintain a clean inbox, folders and filters are an important feature. A good email host will allow these to be set up with some even allowing auto-sorting of incoming emails based on keywords, past preferences and behavior
Email Composition Tools: This may not seem like an important feature to some people, but it is a useful tool to have options such as fonts, sizes, spell checks, signature etc
Security: One key aspect of choosing an email provider is to assess the degree of security it provides. For even a regular user of email, there can be sensitive information to protect such as bank information, passwords, links to other websites and social media websites, tax information and other personal information. The ability to keep hackers and other cyber thieves out of an inbox therefore becomes a key consideration. A good email provider should provide layers of security that include, phishing filters, spam filters, secure login mechanisms, attachment scanning for viruses etc
Help, Support and FAQs: A good email provider should provide basic support for regular smaller problems as well as major issues. Help services can include password recovery, customer service over email or phones and frequently asked questions
Data Portability: This aspect is often not considered but is a very important factor. This either means that the email provider must support a desktop client such as Outlook or Thunderbird or the service has export and import capabilities. Desktop clients are supported by email addresses in general. The other aspect is trickier since emails are usually easy to transfer back and forth. It is the contact list that creates problems and there is almost certainly some loss of data.
Reliability: A reliable email provider should have as few connectivity issues as possible as well as smooth delivery of email, unhindered by things such as overzealous spam filters. This can be an issue in some providers where either emails are not received or do not reach their destination.
Gmail is one of the most popular email providers today. It is known for its simple and user free interface, ample storage space and a myriad of features. At present it offers about 15 GBs of inbox space to its users and this is extended periodically.
Benefits of Gmail
Gmail provides a large number of features and the option of choosing to use any of 30 different languages. These can be used if required or ignored if not needed. Some of the more interesting and useful features include RSS feeds, labels, auto-saved drafts, auto forwarding, ability to send emails from other accounts owned by the same person.
There is a search bar that allows the user to search within the inbox
There is an integrated instant messaging service called Gtalk
There is constantly work being done to offer new features and improve existing ones.
There are also detailed options to organize conversations and emails into folders and filters allow these emails to directly be sent into relevant, specified folders.
Junk email filters are very strong and work quite well to keep unwanted email out.
Emails are organized into conversations rather than separately. This makes it much easier to keep track of them.
There are also preset tabs and email is sorted into these automatically. These are the primary, social and promotional tabs.
There are no advertisements banners at any point on the screen. Some relevant text based advertisements are shown on one side.
The interface is simple and easy to navigate though still displaying many of the features on offer. The email page loads faster than most other providers.
Storage and Attachments
Gmail allows users to send emails with up to 20mb of attachments within.
There is an extensive section for help and FAQs in addition to the option of emailing for a solution.
Accessibility and Security
Gmail is smoothly integrated for mobile access with the Android operating system.
Gmail also offers a two-step authentication making it a very safe service.
There have been some privacy concerns with Gmail pertaining to the Google ads algorithm that reads emails. This is used to pick and display relevant text ads. This is a primary concern regarding Gmail.
Outlook, the free online email provider and not the Microsoft desktop client, is one of the first free email services launched. It is the updated version of Hotmail.
Benefits of Outlook
Since Microsoft owns Skype and is a part of the Facebook board, it is able to offer access to instant messaging and Facebook seamlessly.
The account can be setup according to personal preferences. This customization includes filters, tabs and importance classification options for emails.
In contrast to Hotmail’s slow and somewhat clunky interface, outlook is sleek and minimalist in appearance. The interface is both functional and visually appealing.
The account offers access to SkyDrive and other Windows Live tools and applications. It is also integrated with Windows phones and Windows 8.
Though vastly improved, the service still does not manage to create a strong enough motive for people to want to switch over from Gmail or chose Outlook over Gmail.
Also one of the initial email service providers, Yahoo! has made several improvements to its product.
Benefits of Yahoo! Mail
The latest upgrade to the user interface by Yahoo! has brought it much closer to Gmail and even Outlook. The difference is that the email provider has kept its three pane screen model with the right pane being divided into sections. One of these offers email previews.
Among the features offered is the Yahoo! Messenger, an integrated calendar and a contact list.
As is the norm, there are options to apply filters, star important emails and sort the rest into tabs. The service allows attachments such as photos and videos to be viewed inside the inbox without the need for a separate tab.
One major point of concern is that the service does not allow the email account to be accessed from different locations simultaneously.
Another annoyance for many users is that the Yahoo! Mail page still sports banner advertisements.
PAID EMAIL PROVIDERS
Opting for a Domain Name
Though free email providers are a good option for more people, it is tricky when the long term value of email accounts is considered. With Gmail overthrowing established players such as Hotmail and Yahoo, it may be a matter of time before another option comes along to dethrone Gmail. To prevent such an occurrence, business owners may find it a good idea to use a unique domain name for email service. This will ensure that no matter what the service being used, the email address will remain constant over time.
The first step then is to invest in purchasing a domain name. The next step is to pick the right paid client to host this domain name.
Examples of Paid Email Providers
One paid email provider is Thexyz, which offers more features to a professional, enterprise audience. All emails are automatically backedup, to ensure that no data is ever lost. This includes all sent and received emails and is an attractive feature for businesses. he service allows more space in the inbox as well as up to 50MB of attachments per email. Other features include integrated group calendars and sync to smartphones. The service allows all data to be transferred seamlessly from another account.
The appearance of the service is not as streamlined and attractive as other services such as Outlook or Gmail. But this is usually not a concern to the target audience for Thexyz. There is not much integration or plugins with other applications such as Skype or Facebook with Outlook.
Google is one of the most popular choices for domain hosting. The service costs $5 per month per user on the hosted domain. For that subscription, the user will receive 25GB of storage and strong support from Gmail along with all the usual features and benefits.
The updated Outlook is another strong option for a paid email service. The major benefit of outlook is that it remains free for people looking to host their own domain. As many as 500 email addresses can be hosted for no charge and there is the option of upgrading to Outlook Plus to remove ads for a few of $19.95 per month. The services on offer include integration with Office Web Apps and Skype powered video chat. There is also a 2 step verification process which adds an important layer of security.
The service does not support IMAP sync which means it cannot be used simultaneously in different locations unless the desktop email app Outlook is used.
Office 365 Small Business
Another service by Micrsoft, a monthly subscription of $4 will allow access to Exchange in Microsoft’s Cloud. This means access to Exchange push email (IMAP or POP3 sync) among other features. For the $5 per month subscription, users also get access to Sharepoint which allows collaboration with teams. An additional fee of $7 means access to the complete Office 2013 for a PC and Office 2011 for a MAC.
Atmail offers an attractive user interface despite a few bumps here and there. There are many of the same features as Gmail on offer and every kind of sync that is needed. There are tools available to manage an entire team. All this is available for a small subscription of $2 a month. The service does require a minimum of five users for a domain to be hosted.
FastMail is a popular alternative to Gmail for hosting a domain name based email address. The service is an economical option that begins from $39.99 per year for a single email address hosted on a unique domain. There has been some improvement in the web apps but there is still a long way to go. The service does offer an IMAP and POP3 sync and there are options to increase the number of users on a domain.
Rackspace offers two options for users. A $2 subscription per user will give access to the providers own service while a $10 per month subscription will allow a user to access their Exchange powered email. A user can switch between these two options on one domain. The downside is that there needs to be a minimum spend of $10 each month which translates to at least 5 users.
Hushmail is designed to offer great privacy to its users. This is achieved through HiPPA-compliant privacy, built in OpenPGP encryption, unlimited email aliases and other features. The subscription is $5.24 for each user every month along with a one-time $9.99 setup fee.
Zoho is a little known office suit company that provides a lot more to its users. The company has an impressive array of web applications that range from office to CRM together with professional email hosting. There is a free option while the paid options allows extended storage and features. There are also no ads, push email and full sync support. The subscription is $2.5 for each user every month.
MOST SECURE EMAIL PROVIDERS
There are increasing concerns about email services not being private and fears of surveillance and intrusive data mining. For users concerned with these issues, there are several services that provide a more secure environment for their users. A few of these services include:
S-Mail: Though the interface appears outdated, the service uses up-to-date technology to ensure security of online communication. The service ensures that documents and files sent are not stored on any servers through a process where unlock keys are used for any email address. The messages sent are unlocked through the receiver’s unique address and electronic signature.
Hushmail: This service encodes all messages automatically using an encryption technology. A special key code is required to decrypt and read messages. The service is free initially with the option to upgrade to access more storage and features.
Lockbin: Messages on Lockbin are sent using an AES-256 bit encryption method. An unlock key needs to be provided to the receiver after the email is sent. This is a bit cumbersome but also a guarantee that the intended recipient is the only one who can access the email. Once viewed, the messages are deleted from servers.
NeoMailBox: Another secure and reliable service, NeoMailBox also provides IP anonymity and SSL protected internet surfing. These services are hosted in Switzerland which is a country supportive of privacy issues. There are also disposable email addresses available among other features.
Proton Mail: Created out of concern by a group of CERN scientists, Proton mail is protected from any efforts to read emails intended for someone else. The service uses end to end encryption. Data is encrypted before it reaches the server and the encryption key is separated from the encrypted message to provide the necessary security. Servers are hosted in Switzerland for additional layers of security. The service is free with the option to upgrade for additional storage space.